In 1829 the home secretary Robert Peel introduced the Metropolitan Police Act which formed the basis of the Metropolitan Police Force widely considered as the first organised English police service. The common nickname for police constables in the UK ‘Bobbies’ can be traced back to the formation of the MPS, as Bobby is short for Robert the Christian name of the founder of the MPS, Robert Peel. To a lesser scale police constables were also known as ‘peelers’ after his surname. The formation of the Metropolitan Police Force also see the disbandment of the Bow Street Runners, which became part of the new organisation.

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